Skilled Workers

Skilled workers are one of the most common categories among immigrants to Canada. Skilled workers are selected because they have work skills that Canada requires in its labor force. They help to directly contribute towards the Canadian economy and society through filling vacancies adequately in the labor market.

The Point System

The primary requirement for an applicant applying under the skilled worker category is to pass a point system test. This point system is required in order to analyze if the applicant will successfully fit into the Canadian economy. The point system is measured on a scale of six factors that are assigned to the applicant and each factor is scored accordingly. A total of 100 points are available and the pass mark is currently set to 67 points. If the applicant’s total score meets the minimum pass mark, he or she is eligible to apply under the skilled worker category.

The following factors are measured under the points system:

  1. Age ( 12 Points)
  2. Education (25 Points)
  3. Work Experience (15 Points)
  4. Language Skills (English and French) (28 Points)
  5. Arranged Employment (10 Points)
  6. Adaptability (10 Points)

Scores depend on a variety of factors and are usually complicated. The applicant must provide strong supporting documentation in order to prove their qualifications for each category. There is also an additional requirement to prove language skills/ability by attending specific tests in English and/or French. Educational credentials needs to be the Canadian equivalent and this is assessed through recognized Educational Credential Assessment Organizations (ECA).

In addition to the above point system, applicants need to meet ONE of the following three requirements:

  1. Have an Arranged Employment Offer (AEO) in Canada
  2. Have worked for at least one year in a listed Eligible Occupation
  3. Be a Ph.D. (Doctoral) student in Canada.

Having an Arranged Employment Offer (AEO) in Canada

Assuming the applicant has obtained a minimum of 67 points from the points system, if he or she is already working in Canada with a work permit or is able to attain an approved legal job offer in a skilled occupation; then this will qualify the applicant successfully even if it is not on the list of “in-demand” occupations.

Having worked for at least one year in a listed eligible Occupation

As of April 26, 2014, the following list of 50 eligible occupations is applicable but may be subject to change based on future needs. Applicants who have a minimum of one year experience within the last 10 years in any of the occupations shown below will qualify under the Skilled Worker Category. This assumes that they have adequately attained 67 points in the point system and have met other requirements sufficiently.

The list of 50 Eligible Occupations is as follows:

  1. Senior Managers- Financial, communications and other business services
  2. Senior Managers- Trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c.
  3. Financial Managers
  4. Human resources Managers
  5. Purchasing Managers
  6. Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers
  7. Managers in health care
  8. Construction Managers
  9. Home Building and renovation managers
  10. Managers in natural resources production and fishing
  11. Manufacturing Managers
  12. Financial auditors and accountants
  13. Financial and investment analysts
  14. Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers
  15. Other Financial officers
  16. Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
  17. Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers
  18. Property administrators
  19. Geoscientists and oceanographers
  20. Civil Engineers
  21. Mechanical Engineers
  22. Electrical and electronics engineers
  23. Petroleum engineers
  24. Information systems analysts and consultants
  25. Database analysts and data administrators
  26. Software engineers and designers
  27. Computer programmers and interactive media developers
  28. Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
  29. Construction estimators
  30. Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
  31. Industrial Instrument technicians and mechanics
  32. Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
  33. Computer network technicians
  34. Nursing coordinators and supervisors
  35. Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
  36. Specialist physicians
  37. General practitioners and family physicians
  38. Dietitians and nutritionists
  39. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
  40. Physiotherapists
  41. Occupational therapists
  42. Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
  43. Medical radiation technologists
  44. Medical sonographers
  45. Licensed practical nurses
  46. Paramedical occupations
  47. University professors and lecturers
  48. Psychologists
  49. Early Childhood educators and assistants
  50. Translators, terminologists and interpreters

Each occupation is capped at 1000 applicants with a total annual cap of 25,000 Skilled Worker Applications allowed. No further applications will be eligible or allowed after this cap has been attained.

Be a Ph.D. (doctoral) student in Canada

A Ph.D. student is eligible under two conditions: Firstly, students who are currently enrolled in a Canadian university and have completed at least two years in their studies. Secondly, students who have completed their Ph.D. in a recognized Canadian University within one year of making their application under the Skilled Worker Category are eligible.

A maximum cap of 500 applications by Ph.D. students is accepted under the Skilled Worker Category each year.
Please note that all applicants and their immediate family members have to prove that they are not inadmissible to Canada, including, not having a criminal record and having good health. One needs to also show that he or she can adequately support themselves and have sufficient funds upon arrival in Canada.

Federal Skilled Trades Class

This application pertains towards individuals who want to apply for permanent residence and who are currently working in Canada, or who plan on applying from outside Canada under the skilled trade class. Individuals who are applying from outside Canada hold a provincial tradesperson certification, or have a lucrative job offer with a positive Labour Market Opinion in support of their offer.

This specific program specifically relates to workers in the following occupations:

  1. Industrial, Electrical and Construction Trades
  2. Maintenance and Equipment Operation Trades
  3. Supervisors and Technical Occupations in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production
  4. Processing, Manufacturing and utilities supervisors and Central Control Operators
  5. Chefs and Cooks
  6. Butchers and Bakers.

Qualification for an Applicant:

  1. Have at least two years of post-qualification work experience in the relevant trade within the last five years
  2. Meet the requirements of the occupation’s relevant NOC code, including performing the actions in the lead statement, performing a substantial number of the main duties, and meeting the employment requirements except for the requirement to obtain provincial certification.
  3. Be proficient in the English or French Languages.
  4. Have a certificate of qualification from a relevant Canadian Provincial Authority OR
  5. Have a job offer for at least one year of full-time employment in the skilled trade from a Canadian Employer, AND
  6. Hold a work permit in Canada and are working for the listed employer, OR
  7. Have a positive LMO for the position

As stated above, besides meeting the basic requirements, applicants are required to show that they have sufficient funds to settle in Canada and that they are not criminally or medically inadmissible to Canada. The overall cap for this category is 5,000 applications.

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